From The Alpha and the Omega - Volume I, Table of Nations - Noah's descendants
by Jim A. Cornwell, Copyright © 1995, all rights reserved
"Excerpts from the Table of Nations - Noah's descendants"

Begins page 235

Descendants of Canaan:
    Genesis 10:15 "And Canaan begat Sidon his first born, and Heth,"
    Gen. 10:15 {And} Canaan [See notes in Gen. 10:6] {begat} (became the father of)
Sidon [(Final Nun Daleth Yod Tzaddi - Tau Aleph) Tz(ee)Dh(oh)N, Heb. Tsiydown, tsee-done’, or Tsiydon, from Heb. tsuwd, tsood, in the sense of catching fish, fishery, Tsidon, Sidon, Zidon.   Sidonians, Heb. Tsiydoniy, tsee-do-nee’, a Tsidonian or inhabitant of Tsidon.   Sidon (Heb. tsidhon, Gr. Sidon) the oldest Phoenician city, called Canaan’s "firstborn," was located on the Mediterranean seacoast, twenty-two miles north of Tyre, and between Berytus (Beirut).  The Phoenicians were called Sidonians from the eleventh to the eighth century B.C.   Its early importance is attested by Homer (eighth century B.C.), who often mentions Sidon, but never Tyre.   Later it was eclipsed by Tyre, but the Phoenicians were still called Sidonians (I Kings 5:6; 16:31).   Sidon had a bad name in Scripture as a hot bed of Phoenician idolatry (Isa. 23; Ezek. 28) and of Gentile materialism (Matt. 11:21-22).
    In Canaanite mythology, Athtart (Athtart-name-of-Baal, Astarte, Ashtoreth, Ashtart) is a consort of Baal, and lesser goddess of war and the chase.   Outside of Ugarit, many nude goddess statues have been tenuously identified with her as a goddess of fertility and sex.   In Sidon she merited royal priests and priestesses.   There she served as a goddess of fertility, love, war and sexual vitality and to that end had sacred prostitutes.   She was the Phoenician great goddess and was identified with Aphrodite by the Greeks.]
his first born [((Vau vowel) Resh Caph - Beth) B(uh)Kh(oh)R(oh), firstborn - Heb. bekowr, bek-ore’, or bekhor, from Heb. bakar, baw-kar’, to burst the womb, bear, to give the birthright, be firstling, thus meaning first-born, hence chief, eldest (son), Gr. prototokos.  Note that as far as the Table of Nations of Gen. 10 goes this is the only verse in which the firstborn is identified.   It may represent the name of the firstborn (of sin) as Sidon which means generally "snare," and the nextborn Heth is "terror."],
and Heth [(Tau (C)Heth - Tau Aleph - Vau) Ch(ay)Th, Heb. Cheth, khayth, from Heb. chathath, khaw-thath’, to prostrate, hence to break down, either (lit.) by violence, or (fig.) by confusion and fear, abolish, affright, be afraid, amaze, beat down, discourage, scare, terrify, thus meaning terror, Cheth, an aboriginal Canaanite, Heth.   Heth is also found in Gen. 23:3, 5, 7, 10, 16, 18, 20; 25:10; 27:46; 49:32; and 1 Chron. 1:13.   Note that later in Gen. 14:5 the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim (plain of the double city) a place East of the Jordan, Emites - Heb. ‘emim, KJV Emim, (Deut. 2:10, 11) Moabites called them Terrors, Heb. Eymiym, ay-meem’, plural of Heb. ‘eymah, ay-maw’, or (shortened) ‘emah, from the same as Heb. ‘ayom, aw-yome’, terrible, thus fright, dread, fear, horror, idol, terrible, terror, thus meaning terrors, Emim, an early Canaanitish (or Moabitish) tribe.   Also as seen in Haradah - Heb. haradhah, terror, an unknown mountainous encampment site of Israel in the wilderness wanderings (Num. 33:24).   Hathath - Heb. hathath, terror, a son of Othniel, the first judge of Israel (1 Chron. 4:13).   Mizzah - Heb. mizzah, terror, a grandson of Esau and one of the chiefs of Edom (Gen. 36:13, 17).
    Heth (Heb. heth) is the putative head of the Hittites (called "sons" and "daughters" of Heth Gen. 23:3; 27:46), an unknown people mentioned in the Old Testament sporadically, until the amazing recovery of Hittite civilization by modern Archaeology.   A missionary William Wright and Professor A. H. Sayce reconstructed the outlines of the history of the ancient Hittite empire first.   Then in 1906-1907 and 1911-1912, Professor Hugo Winckler of Berlin discovered about ten thousand clay tablets at Boghazkeui, the site of ancient Hattushash, an important Hittite capital.   This revealed them as a people with an extended empire.

    The following is an excerpt from Volume I, Table of Nations in Gen. 10:16, page 237, subject specific to Amorite.
(continued Gen. 10:16 "Jebusite, Amorite, Girgasite," descendant of Canaan, descendant of Ham).

    Genesis 10:16 "And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgasite,"

and the Amorite(s) [(Yod Resh Mem Aleph - He Tau Aleph Vau) A(uh-eh)M(oh)R(ee), Heb. Emoriy, em-o-ree’, probably a patronymic from an unused name derived from Heb. ‘amar, aw-mar’, in the sense of publicity, i.e. prominence, thus a mountaineer, an Emorite, one of the Canaanitish tribes, Amorite.
    Haran - Heb. haran, mountaineer, Assyrian/Babylonian harranu, road, Gr. Charran.
    Hararite - Heb. harari, mountain dweller.  Shagee, Shage - Heb. shaghe’, wandering, a Hararite, the mountaineerAmorite (Heb. ‘emori, mountain dwellers) the second most powerful race in Palestine, holding the hill country of Judah, where they had five kings (Josh. 10:5) and a large district on the eastern side of the Jordan (Deut 3:8; Judg. 11:22).   Destroyed for their wickedness, even though a strong remnant remained in the land after the Conquest (Judg. 1:35; 3:5; Sam. 7:14) who were made bondservants by Solomon (I Kings 9:20-21).   The Mari tablets reveal their early history in that Amraphel of Shinar (Gen. 14:1) was one of their kings, controlling Babylonia, till defeated by the Hittites.
    Amorite is a Babylonian word meaning "Westerner," used in Syria-Palestine in the sense of "alien" (from the Babylonian point of view).  The language of the Amorite was a cross between Hebrew and Aramaic and racially the people were a mixture of Northwest Semitic elements combined with Horite (Hurrian).
    Amorites (Akkadian amurru `the west') semi-nomads in the upper course and Middle Euphrates, who gradually become sedentary, spread of other ethnical groups, and their existence is attested in earlier texts, but their names are in particular mentioned in the Old Babylonian period from 2000 to 1600 B.C.
    The Amorites were illiterate and did not leave written records, but their names are found in Akkadian literature.   The different structure of these names indicate their language is West Semitic, in contrast to the East Semitic Akkadian language.
    In the south, Sumer again gained ascendancy, dominated by the city-state Ur.  Sumer then collapsed under the Amorites around 2000 BC.  They established many sub-kingdoms including Assyria and Babylon.],
   To return to Ebla (Tell Mardikh) and the influence of the Amorite.
Page 247 and Page 263 the lineage to Eber
Begins page 247

Descendants of {Arphaxad} Arpachshad:
    Gen. 10:24 "And Arphaxad begat Salah; and Salah begat Eber."

    Gen. 10:24 {And} Arphaxad [See Gen. 10:22] {begat} (became the father)
[Cainan (Luke 3:36) is listed as the son of Arpachshad also but is obscure.   He was omitted in Genesis 10:24; 11:12, but is found in the LXX, from which Luke quotes, in his Gospel of the New Testament.   In the Greek Kainan, Kainan, kah-ee-nan’, of Kenan of 1 Chron. 1:2 or Heb. Qeynan, kay-nawn’, from the same as Heb. qen, kane, contraction from Heb. qanan, kaw-nan’, to erect, but used only as denominative from Heb. qen, to nestle, i.e. build or occupy as a nest, make nest, thus meaning a nest (as fixed), sometimes including the nestlings, fig. a chamber or dwelling, nest, room, thus meaning fixed, Kenan, an ante-diluvian, Cainan (i.e. Kenan), the name of two patriarchs, Cainan, one in Gen. 5:9, 10, 12, 13, 14, and the other in Luke 3:36, 37.]
{Salah} (of Shelah) [((C)Heth Lamed Shin - Tau Aleph) Sh(aw)L(ah)Ch, Heb. Shelach, sheh’-lakh, the same as Heb. shelach, sheh’-lakh, from Heb. shalach, shaw-lakh’, to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications), send, set, shoot, thus meaning a missile of attack, i.e. spear, also (fig.) a shoot of growth, i.e. branch, dart, plant, put off, sword, weapon, thus Shelach, a post-diluvian patriarch, Salah, Shelah.   Seen in Gen. 10:24; 11:12, 13, 14, 15, and as Sala, sal-ah, in Luke 3:35. Compare to the Heb Shiloach, shee-lo’-akh, or (in imitation of Heb. Shelach, sheh’-lakh).   Shelah (Heb. shelah, Gr. Sala, Heb. she’lanit, sprout, Salah KJV, Luke 3:35 Sala KJV) is listed as the son of Arpachshad (Arphaxad), who begat Eber, the progenitor of the Hebrews through his son Peleg and of thirteen Arabian tribes through Joktan (Arabia).];

Descendants of {Salah} Shelah
and {Salah} (Shelah) {begat} (became the father)
(of) Eber [(Resh Veth Ayin - Tau Aleph) A(ay)V(eh)R, Heb. ‘Eber, ay’-ber, the same as Heb. ‘eber, ay’-ber, from Heb. ‘abar, aw-bar’, to cross over, used for any transition, translate, thus meaning properly a region across, but used only adv. (with or without prep.) on the opposite side (especially of the Jordan, usually meaning the east), against, beyond, over, passage, quarter, (other) side, thus meaning Eber, also Heber; Heb. Cheber, kheh’-ber, the same as Heb. cheber, kheh’-ber, from Heb. chabar, khaw-bar’, to join, fascinate, league, thus meaning a society, also a spell, company, enchantment, thus meaning community, Cheber, the name of a Kenite and also three Israelites.
    Also see Gen. 10:21, 24, 25; 11:14, 15, 16, 17.
    Eber (Heb. ‘ever, "a region across or beyond," possible name "iberi") the Hebrew and Arab split occurred with his two sons, Joktan and Peleg.
    From: "Biblical beginnings of Canaan.doc"
    "In (1970’s) modern (northern) Syria, forty kilometers south of Aleppo, was discovered a huge palace archive, containing no few than 15,000 inscribed clay documents.   They reveal the existence of a mighty Canaanite empire in Syria that embraced Palestine around 2400 B.C., with its capital at Tell Mardikh, the ancient city called Ebla.   Of special interest to Biblical scholars are references to places and vassal cities in Palestine like Hazor, Gaza, Lachish, Megiddo, Akko, Sinai, and even Jerusalem itself (Urusalima).   Among the personal names which also appear in the Bible which are from the "Patriarchal Age," like Ab-ra-mu (Abram), E-sa-um (Esau), Ish-ma-ilu (Ishmael), but the most interesting one is the name of Ebrum (Biblical Eber), third and greatest of the six kings of the Ebla dynasty between 2400 and 2250 B.C.   He seems to have been placed on the throne of Ebla by Sargon the Great of Akkad after a punitive expedition in which Ebla was subjugated.   But after Sargon died (c. 2310 B.C.), Ebrum turned the tables on Akkad and reduced its cities to vassalage in turn.   It was not until 2250 B.C. that Sargon’s grandson, Narum-Sin of Akkad, conquered the city of Ebla and burning it.
    It may be pure coincidence that this powerful king of Ebla, King Ebrum, should have had the same name as Eber, from whom the Hebrew traced their descent….(coincidentally, Arab historians have traditionally dated Abram to c. 2300 B.C.)" by Magnus Magnusson, BC - Archaeology of the Bible Lands.].
   To return to Ebla (Tell Mardikh) and the Ebrum/Eber issue.

Begins page 263
    Genesis 11:14 "And Salah lived thirty years, and begat Eber:"

    Gen. 11:14 {And Salah lived} (When Shelah had lived)
thirty [30 years]
years ,
{and begat} (he became the father of)
Eber [(Resh Veth Ayin - Tau Aleph) A(ay)V(eh)R, Heb. ‘Eber, ay’-ber, see notes in Genesis 10:24, which would be identical here.]

    Genesis 11:15 "And Salah lived after he begat Eber four hundred and three years, and begat sons and daughters."

    Gen. 11:15 And Salah (Shelah) lived
after he begat (after the birth of)
(2) four hundred [403 years]
(1) {and} three (years)
years ,
and begat (and had other)
sons and daughters .
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