From The Alpha and the Omega - Insert Chapter One and Chapter Three
by Jim A. Cornwell, Copyright © 1995, all rights reserved

Manazil and its connection to Mazzaroth

   The development of Astronomy is believed to come from Babylonia around 1400-1000 B.C. with the Ea-Anu-Enlil tablets. Then came the records of celestial events and algebraic tables of celestial motions.    The zodiac of Babylonia evolved around 420 B.C., before Berossos, Kidinnu, Naburiannu, and the Seleucid Babylonians appeared.
   China projects 1400 B.C. for the beginning of eclipses, then comet records, Calendars, and star catalogues.    Some propose that they influenced Mexico.
   Astronomy in Europe began around 600 through 300 B.C. with the pre-Socratic speculations, then Aristarchus (heliocentric theory), Eratostenes, Hipparchus and Ptolemy.

   Ptolemy and Babylonia influenced the Arabs and India which led to the term manazil.    The term manazil is an Arabic expression derived from an ancient Akkadian word that literally means 'Mansion'.    In Antiquity it was used in reference to the so-called 'night residences' of the Moon and these 'signs' formed the Semitic Lunar Zodiac consisting of 28 manazils, each one being 12 degrees and fifty-one minutes wide.

   Mansion or mansions also see house as any one of the 28 divisions of the moon's monthly path [Middle English, a dwelling, from Old French, from Latin mansio, mansion-, from mansus, past participle of manere, to dwell, remain].

   The names of the stars date back hundreds or even thousands of years, and after the collapse of the Greco-Roman civilization, this knowledge was preserved by the Arabs.    During the Renaissance, the Europeans adopted many of these names and terms from the Arabic sources, which is why a majority of star names are Arabic in origin.    In 1603, German astronomer Johann Bayer (1572-1625) instituted a system of assigning Greek letters to stars (Bayer designation), consisting of a lowercase Greek letter followed by the genitive name of the constellation.    The letters are usually assigned to the stars in the order of their brightness within a given constellation.

To see how the earth orbits the sun in relation to the constellations.

LUNAR MANSIONS (12th Century AD)

   In the esoteric side the concept of lunar mansions was not known in Europe.    These mansions developed more in Indian divination around the mid 5th century B.C., as the Hindu nakshatras or Nakshatrani.
    Recently a friend who studies the subject quite thouroughly enlightened me to the Chinese version: in (Mandarin) Chinese as HSIU (in the Wade-Giles system of romanization), or as XIU (in the Pinyin system of romanization, used in mainland China).    The term means "a halting place," or as a verb, "to lodge for the night."
    The Arabs called them "Manazil al-Qamar," to date they use the Crescent Moon symbol for their religion and a Lunar calendar.    The Babylonian Moon God Sin was the supreme deity in the Near East prior to the Christian and Islamic periods.

   Each mansion is 12 degrees 51 minutes and 26 seconds, and are divided into four groups of seven mansions, starting at 0 degrees of each Cardinal sign.    The positions start at the Vernal Equinox (the Aries point) using the tropical (Western) zodiac, not sidereal, but were originally derived from the sidereal positions..    The Arabic names are sometimes derived from zodiacal constellations found in the mansions, e.g. the Lion's Glance, Forehead and Mane are found in Leo, the Claws in Libra relate to Scorpio, the Sting is found at the end of Scorpio and the Belly of the Fish at the end of Pisces.

   The planetary rulers are those for the days of the week.    The whole list repeats every four weeks, as each mansion covers the average daily motion of the Moon.

Table of the Lunar Mansions and their Arabic name.

Table of the Lunar Mansions
   The above table is not the views of this author, but is only placed here for the intention of providing a list of the Arabic Star Names and their meaning in order to link to the following star names.    I am only interested in the twelve archetype symbols (major constellations), and as to the order of the constellations whether in the Hindu, Chinese, or Arabian fashion is not prevalent in this connection.
To see the Star Names of the major constellations
| Cancer | Gemini | Taurus | Aries | Pisces | Aquarius |
| Capricornus | Sagittarius | Scorpius | Libra | Virgo | Leo |

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