From The Alpha and the Omega - Insert Chapter Six
by Jim A. Cornwell, Copyright © 1995, all rights reserved
"Virgo (Star Chart) "
Header for Insert Six
Star Chart Virgo


    Virgo, The Maiden [Middle English, from Latin, virgin, the constellation Virgo], is on the Meridian on May 25. Virgo is one of the female figures among the constellations of the zodiac, the other may be Cassiopeia. It is one of the oldest constellations and has assumed the identity of just about every important female deity since history has been recorded. Virgo has been identified with goddesses of fertility, of agriculture, and of earth.

   (Is this of Roman influence?) Virgo is always portrayed holding a spike of wheat in one hand and either a staff, a caduceus, or, when she is seen as the goddess of justice, the scales of the adjacent constellation Libra in the other. The spike of wheat is appropriately, the star Spica (alpha star of Virgo ), one of the oldest star names in use (and the origin of "spike," the English word for an ear of grain).

   Some sources say that the inspiration for the sphinx, with the body of a lion and face of a human, came from the celestial juxtaposition of Leo and Virgo. Virgo is the second largest constellation in the sky.

   The Sun spends more time in Virgo than in any other constellation of the zodiac, entering on September 21 and not leaving until November 1. The Sun is therefore within its boundaries at the time of the autumnal equinox, about September 23. The astrological period of Virgo begins in mid-August, which is when the Sun entered the constellation 2,500 years ago (500 B.C.), when the Babylonians and Greeks created their version of the zodiac.

   A virgin is a chaste or unmarried woman; a maiden. Also an unmarried woman who has taken religious vows of chastity. Such as the Virgin Mary [Middle English, from Old French virgine, from Latin virgo, virgin]. Mary (Gr. Maria, Mariam, from Heb. miryam, rebellious, bitter), the mother of Jesus, was a descendant from David, and is thought by many that Luke’s genealogy of Christ is through his mother. Neither Mary nor Joseph fully understood their Son’s purpose (Matt. 2:50). In spite of their experiences with the supernatural in relation to him, he was something of an enigma to them.

   Others call the constellation, The Virgin, since a circle has neither beginning nor ending, modern astrology begins with Aries, The Lamb. This has been corrupted. The key to the riddle may be in the sphinx, which may actually unlock the mystery of the zodiac.

   In the Temple of Esneh in Egypt, there is a great sky-painting in the portico on the ceiling which shows the whole picture of the zodiac with all its constellations (to see the Zodiac of Denderah).  Between the figures of Virgo, The Virgin, and Leo, The Lion, there is carved the figure of the sphinx with the head of a woman and the body of a lion. The woman’s face is looking at Leo and the lion’s tail is pointing at Virgo, leading to the assumption that we begin with the virgin and end with Leo.

   That same sphinx is found in the same place in a number of other great paintings of the Mazzaroth (or the constellations of the zodiac), in other parts of the Near East, going back as much as 4,000 years.

   Virgo’s sign is the emphasis upon her fertility (her motherhood), because she holds in her right hand a branch (a staff, caduceus, or the scales of Libra; also a title applied to the Messiah as the offspring of David), and in her left hand some sheaves of corn, or seeds of wheat (ear of grain, spike of wheat (Spica)).
   The Caduceus which is a herald's wand or staff, especially in ancient times, and as in Greek Mythology it is a winged staff with two serpents twined around it, carried by Hermes. An insignia modeled on Hermes' staff and used as the symbol of the medical profession [Latin caduceus, alteration of Greek karukeion, from karux, herald]. Dagan, "grain" was the god of agriculture, associated with Dagon the fish god, from Dab, "fish."

The BRANCH from the Holy Bible is the Old Testament name for the coming of the Messiah.

   The ancient Babylonians had Ishtar the ancient Assyrian and Babylonian goddess of love, fertility, and war.

   The Egyptians viewed Isis as the ancient goddess of fertility or nature, the sister and wife of Osiris.

   To the early Anatolian: Cybele (Roman Kybele) was the Phrygian goddess of nature and of Earth (and caverns) of ancient Asia Minor. Phrygian used loosely in the NT as small provinces like Pisidia. Acts 2:10 speaks of devout Jews from Phrygia at the Pentecost. The great Phrygian goddess Cybele, mother of the slain and resurrected young Phrygian deity Attis. Attis in Gnostic literature was a Phrygian eunuch (Galloi), lover of the Great Mother. Cybele’s cult was early introduced to Greece (where she was identified with Rhea, who was married to Gordius, and had a son named Midas), and to Rome at the time of the Carthaginian Wars. Known generally as Mountain Mother as well as Mother of the Gods.

   Her sanctuaries were on mountains, frequently in caves, her animals were lions, and her attendants Corybantes, half-human demonic beings worshipped her on Mount Ida. Her priests, the Galli, were self-emasculated eunuchs, attired in female garb and wearing long hair, fragrant with ointment.

   Nerthus is a Nordic goddess of the earth, which may have been the Phrygian goddess Cybele, worshipped by a tribe called Angli .

Denderah Zodiac and modern Virgo

Arabic Lunar Mansion Names
Star Names of Virgo

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