From The Alpha and the Omega - Chapter Four
by Jim A. Cornwell, Copyright © 1995, all rights reserved
"Sargon did he exist? "

   One star name of the constellation Scorpius is Greek letter Theta and Star name Girtab which is a very old Sumerian word for "scorpion" (more rarely it is called Sargas, another Sumerian word). It is definitely the Sumerian word for the constellation Scorpius. Is this a reference to the original Sargon?

   Sargon (SAHR gawn, Heb. sargon, the constituted or declared king) has an unknown history before 3000 B.C. in some circles and no less than 2300 B.C. in other circles. It is known for sure that he ruled for 61 years. As to the claim of Menes the first king of united Egypt (Dyn.1; 3200-3000 B.C.) was the eldest son of Sargon is suspect. Although if he was his father, then he would have existed before 3100 B.C. in the middle of the Age of Taurus.

   Some scholars believe that Sargon of Akkad (Agade) reigned from 2334-2279 B.C. thus placing him at the end of the Age of Taurus in the Sixth Dynasty of Egypt (Unas, Teti, Pepi I).

   King Sargon of Agade (c. 2550 B.C.) was born of a lowly mother in Azupira-nu. His father was unknown. He like Moses was set adrift by his mother in a basket of bulrushes on the waters of the Euphrates, he was discovered by Akki the husbandman (the irrigator), whom he brought up to serve as gardener in the palace of Kish. The goddess Ishtar favored the youth, and he was promoted to the post of cup-bearer. Thus aspiring the throne he became, at last, king and emperor, renowned as the living god. Sargon of Agade (his new capital) was the destroyer of the ancient cities of the Sumerians, from whom his own people had derived their civilization. Here is his claim:

   "Sargon, king of Agade, vice regent of the goddess Ishtar, king of Kish, pashishu (a class of priest who prepared and applied ointments) of the god, Anu, King of the Land, great ishakku (chief priest) of the god Enlil: the city of Uruk he smote and its wall he destroyed. With the people of Uruk, he battled and he captured him and in fetters led him through the gate of Enlil. Sargon, king of Agade, battled with the man of Ur and vanquished him; his city smote and its walls destroyed. E-Ninmar he smote and its wall he destroyed, and its entire territory, from Lagash to the sea, he smote. His weapons he washed in the sea ..."

   Sargon I of Assyria and a famous king of early Babylon who founded an empire that extended to the Mediterranean (2400 B.C.) at the end of the Age of Taurus. Many scholars believe that Sargon I was the biblical Nimrod, and due to his association with Kish (or Kush) where kingship existed even before Akkad. Other scholars date Sargon I of Assyria around 2000 B.C. or 500 years after Sargon of Akkad. His kingdom maintained profitable business colonies in Cappadocia, an area which contained mostly traders and merchants. Little is known about this ruler. He is not referred to in the Bible. The story is also told that he like the above Sargon (like Moses) had been put by his mother into an ark of bulrushes in the river, there to be rescued -- by Akki the irrigator. Sumer and Akkad (Nimrodís kingdom) consisted of Nippur, Adab, Lagash, Umma, Larsa, Erech, Ur and Eridu.

   Sargon II who died 705 B.C. was the Assyrian king (721-705) who completed the conquest of the northern Jewish kingdom of Israel, later known as Samaria. His son Sennacherib succeeded him. In a relief from his palace at Khorsabad (Dur-sharrukin or Sargonburg, King Sargon II (722-705 B.C.) is shown receiving an Assyrian officer. Sharru-Kin means "the Righteous Ruler." Sargon is also mentioned in Isaiah 20:1, which is the only biblical source. Sargonís palace was not discovered until 1843 by Paul Emile Botta, and later excavated by others from the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.

   Among the ruins of the great palace of Sargon, in Ninevah, is a library of cuneiform inscriptions and wall ornamentation. Because the name of Sargon was omitted in some of the ancient lists of kings, some of the scholars scoffed at Isaiah 20:1 "In the year that Tartan (commander-in-chief) came unto Ashdod, (when Sarí-gon the king of Assyria sent him,) and fought against (the Philistine city of) Ashdod, and took it;" saying in effect, "This is one of the errors of Isaiah, for we know that Sargon never did exist." There is a controversy on the name of Sargon, which is baked into some ancient bricks from the excavation of Ninevah in A.D. 1843-45. Philistine clay figures have been found from Ashdod that dated to the 12th century B.C.

   I find it very interesting that scholars willingly accept the existence of two or three Sargon's, each who is separated by hundreds of years. Then why is the acceptance of a pre-dynastic Sargon, such a far-flung concept? The evidence is still in controversy, and the case is not closed.

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