From The Alpha and the Omega - Chapter Eight
by Jim A. Cornwell, Copyright © 1995, all rights reserved

    This file is attached to from “Astronomical Events To Appear Between 2014 Through 2017 A.D.” - Chapter Eight by Jim A. Cornwell, Copyright © 1995, all rights reserved.


Revelation 13:15-17 The Image of the Beast

[I put the verses here with the Greek translation so as you read all the news articles about what the Bible says you can read it yourself to decide and not what a group of liberal college teachers claim.]
    13:15 And he had power to give (to give, “it was given him”) life (‘Pneuma’, breath)
unto the image (‘Eikon’ denotes an image, so of a statue or similar representation, more than a resemblance)
of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak (False doctrine to give a spiritual, philosophical appearance to the foolish apotheosis of the creature personified by Antichrist),
and cause that as many as would not worship (‘Proskuneo’ used as an act of homage or reverence to the image of the Beast) the image of the beast should be killed.

    13:16 And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond,
to receive (‘didomi’ to give them “to receive”)
a mark (‘Charagma’ denotes a stamp, impress; pp. Tattooed; of interest in the days of Antiochus Epiphanes, he branded the Jews with the ivy leaf, the symbol of Bacchus, found in 2 Maccabees 6:7 and 3 Maccabees 2:29.)
in their right hand, or in their foreheads (‘Metopon’ meta with ops ‘eye’; a mark in the forehead means a public profession, in the hand is service; it implies the prostration of bodily and intellectual powers to the beast’s domination.):

    13:17 And that no man might buy or sell (pp. no one could get a job or buy in any store),
save he that had the mark (pp. without the permit of that mark; ‘Charagma’ denotes a stamp, impress, allegiance),
or the name of the beast (pp. name of the Creature),
or the number of his name (pp. or the code number of his name; ‘Arithmos’, a number, implies numerical meaning.).

    The table below is the different views that mankind claims the verses mean.    So take it for what its worth, because it could mean everlasting life, or eternity in hell.    It seems to be a laughing matter in the following news article.

    On 8/2/2017 the following article came out.

Wisconsin company chips its employees - Three Square Market says implants won’t be used for tracking by Jefferson Graham and Laura Schulte, USA TODAY Network.
    RIVER FALLS, WIS. - A local firm here made good Tuesday on its vow to embed employees with microchips.
    Sporting “I Got Chipped” T-shirt’s, some 40 workers at Three Square Market, a firm that makes cafeteria kiosks aimed at replacing vending machines, got tiny rice-sized microchips embedded in their hands.
    Company officials said it was for convenience, a way for them to bypass using company badges and corporate log-ons to computers.
    Now, they can just have their hands read by a reader, similar to using a smartphone to pay for goods.
    The company would like to see payments go cashless, as iPhone users do with Apple Pay.    Except in this case, consumers use their hand instead of a smartphone to pay.    The chip is not a tracker nor does it have GPS in it, so the boss can’t track your movements, company officials say.    Still, to those who worry about Big Brother having more control over our lives, Three Square Market President Patrick McMullan says you should, “take your cellphone and throw it away.”
    The chips come from Biohax Sweden, a company that says it has nearly 3,000 people using it in Europe.    The founder of that company, Jowan Osterlund, has struck alliances with companies to pay to have the chips installed in employees or pass them out at tech fairs.
    Three Square Market employees say they were having the chip installed to be part of the larger team and help develop the technology.
    The chip ceremony was held in the company’s cafeteria, where a local tattoo artist was on hand to perform the installation.
    The entire process took about a minute.    It started with Osterlund cleaning the skin, finding a spot in the hand to pinch, then asking the employee to inhale and exhale as a syringe was inserted, a chip installed and a Band-Aid placed over the spot.
    “The pinch hurt more than the injection,” McMullen says.    “It stung for about an hour and a half afterward, but now it’s getting back to normal.”
    But what seemed normal in Wisconsin played out differently across the Internet.
    During our Facebook Live interview with McMullen, Chris Malak from Winneconne, Wis., said, “I have a co-worker who can never keep track of their keys thus always asking for mine and no idea what her pass word are.    This would be good for her.    But as for me, hell no.”
    Schulte reported from River Falls, Graham from Los Angeles
Employees at Three Square Market received “I Got Chipped” T-shirts after having microchips imbedded in their wrists.

    On 8/6/2017 this article came out.

‘MARK OF THE BEAST’? Microchipping employees raises apocalyptic questions by Holly Meyer, USA TODAY Network

    The apocalyptic “mark of the beast” prophecy in the Bible makes some wary of a Wisconsin company’s recent decision to embed microchips into the hands of willing employees.
    The end times account in the New Testament’s Book of Revelation warns believers about being marked on the right hand and the forehead by the Antichrist.
    But inserting rice-sized microchips under the skin of Three Square Market employees does not fulfill the prophecy, said Chris Vlachos, a New Testament professor at Wheaton College in Chicago.
    “I think that this is more of a fulfillment of end times novels and movies than the Book of Revelation itself,” Vlachos said.
    Last week, Three Square Market, a Wisconsin firm that makes cafeteria kiosks to replace vending machines, brought in a tattoo artist to embed microchips into the 40 employees who volunteered.
    The chips, which are not equipped with GPS tracking abilities, replace access cards and the need to log on to corporate computers.    The company sees them as a way to increase convenience and would like to see payments go cashless.
    Globalism and advancements in technologies, such as bar codes and credit cards, periodically trigger “mark of the beast” concerns for those who take seriously the prophecy, which talks of a one government world and a cashless society.
    Randall Balmer, the chair of the religion department at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire, said the Book of Revelation presents a real challenge for those such as evangelical Christians who take the Bible seriously and often try to interpret it literally.
    “A lot of evangelicals certainly take the Book of Revelation seriously.    They try to understand it,” said Balmer, an Episcopal priest who grew up in an evangelical Christian family.    “This is a source of real fascination for a lot of people, but it’s also kind of a parlor game.”
    Vlachos said popular depictions in the media often drive people’s views.
    “The majority of people are getting their notions on this issue from movies and novels rather than the Book of Revelation and apocalyptic genre material in the Old and New Testament,” Vlachos said.
    Reading the Book of Revelation is complex, said Vlachos, who teaches a class on it.    The first chapter points out that some of it is meant to be taken symbolically.
    But even if a believer interprets the entire text literally, Vlachos said the “mark of the beast” verses specifically mention two key details.
    “Taking the mark goes hand in hand with the conscientious decision of publicly pledging one’s allegiance or loyalty to the beast and worshipping his image,” Vlachos said.
    The mark is not a random number, either.    It always names the Antichrist, either numerically or alphabetically.
    “I often say to my students, ‘No name, no worries,’” Vlachos said.
    While he said he doesn’t think technologies like microchipping are a sign of end times, Vlachos doesn’t rule out that they could be one of the precursors, like birth pangs, preceding the end that Jesus talked about with his disciples.    It’s fine to put them on the back burner and focus on clear issues like an allegiance to Jesus, he said.
    “I call it like an apocalyptic inoculation,” Vlachos said.    “The more Christlike, the less we’ll be duped by Antichrist.”
    Balmer said he can see why people connect microchipping and the prophecy.
    “It may not be the ‘mark of the beast,’ but it certainly is a slippery slope,” Balmer said.    “I think we should be cautious about allowing that measure of control or surveillance into our lives.”
    Concerns about the “mark of the beast” in the workplace have made their way into the U.S. court system, too.
    A West Virginia coal miner’s belief in the “mark of the beast” won him more than half a million dollars in a workplace discrimination case.    An appeals court recently affirmed the federal court’s 2015 decision.
    Beverly R. Butcher Jr., an evangelical Christian and minister, worked for decades in a mine owned by Consol Energy but was forced to retire when the company refused to accommodate his religious objection to its newly implemented biometric hand scanner, court documents say.
    The scanner tracked employee attendance and hours worked by assigning a number to an image of a worker’s hand.
    Citing the Book of Revelation, Butcher said he feared the scanner could link him to the Antichrist.
    Other “mark of the beast” cases have made their way into the court system, but they’re not common, said Howard Friedman, who writes the Religion Clause blog about church and state legal issues.    Religious workplace cases more often focus on employee clothing and work schedule accommodations.
    Friedman, who is also an emeritus law professor at the University of Toledo, said he doesn’t anticipate the Wisconsin company’s microchipping effort will end up before a judge.
    “As long as they continue to make this voluntary, there isn’t going to be much of a legal confrontation,” Friedman said.

    Revelation 13:16 It also forced all people, great and small, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hands or on their foreheads, 13:17 so that they could not buy or sell unless they had the mark, which is the name of the beast or the number of its name.
    [It will start somewhere as it is written to occur on revelation and the next article will tell you why.]

An employee at Three Square Market in River Falls, Wis., gets a microchip implanted by a tattoo artist Tuesday.

    On 8/13/2017 this article came out.

YOU WILL GET CHIPPED — EVENTUALLY - Experts say practice won’t always have a negative connotation by Jefferson Graham, USA TODAY

    LOS ANGELES - You will get chipped.    It’s just a matter of time.
    In the aftermath of a Wisconsin firm embedding microchips in employees earlier this month to ditch company badges and corporate log-ons, the Internet has entered into full-throated debate.
    Religious activists are so appalled that they’ve been writing nasty one-star reviews of the company, Three Square Market, on Google, Glassdoor and social media.
    On the flip side, seemingly everyone else wants to know: Is this what real life is going to be like soon at work?    Will I be chipped?
    “It will happen to everybody,” said Noelle Chesley, 49, associate professor of sociology at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.    “But not this year and not in 2018.    Maybe not my generation, but certainly that of my kids.”
    Gene Munster, an investor and analyst at Loup Ventures, is an advocate for augmented reality, virtual reality and other new technologies.    He said he thinks having embedded chips in human bodies is 50 years away.

    The idea of being chipped has too “much negative connotation” today, but by 2067 “we will have been desensitized by the social stigma,” Munster said.
    For now, Three Square Market, or 32M, hasn’t offered concrete benefits for getting chipped beyond badge and log-on stats.    Munster said it was a “PR stunt” for the company to get attention to its product.    The company, which sells corporate cafeteria kiosks designed to replace vending machines, would like the kiosks to handle cashless transactions.
    This would go beyond paying with your smartphone.    Instead, chipped customers would simply wave their hands in lieu of Apple Pay and other mobile-payment systems.
    The benefits don’t stop there.    In the future, consumers could zip through airport scanners scans passport or driver’s license; open doors; start cars; and operate home automation systems — all of it, if the technology pans out, with the simple wave of a hand.

    The embedded chip is not a GPS tracker, which is what many critics initially feared. However, analysts believe future chips will track our every move.
    For example, pets have for years been embedded with chips to store their name and owner contact information.
    Indeed, 32M isn’t the first company to embed chips in employees.
    In 2001, Applied Digital Solutions installed the “VeriChip” to access medical records, but the company eventually changed hands and stopped selling the chip in 2010.
    In Sweden, BioHax says nearly 3,000 customers have had its chip embedded to do many things, including ride the national rail system without having to show the conductor a ticket.
    Dangerous Things, a Seattle based firm, says it has sold “tens of thousands” of chips to consumers via its website.    The chip and installation cost about $200.

    After years of being a subculture, “the time is now” for chips to be more commonly used, said Amal Graafstra, founder of Dangerous Things.    “We’re going to start to see chip implants get the same realm of acceptance as piercings and tattoos do now.”
    In other words, they’ll be more visible, but not mainstream yet.
    “It becomes part of you the way a cellphone does,” Graafstra said.    “You can never forget it, and you can’t lose it.    And you have the capability to communicate with machines in a way you couldn’t before.”
    But after what happened in Wisconsin last week, what’s next for the U.S. workforce?    A nation of workers chipping into their pods at Federal Express, General Electric, IBM, Microsoft and other top corporations?
    Experts contend consumers will latch onto chips before companies do.    Chesley said that corporations are slower to respond to massive change and that there will be an age issue.    Younger employees will be more open to it, while older workers will balk.
    “Most employers who have intergenerational workforces might phase it in slowly,” she said.    “I can’t imagine people my age and older being enthusiastic about having devices put into their bodies.”
    Alec Levenson, a researcher at the University of Southern California’s Center for Effective Organizations, said that “the vast majority of people will not put up with this.”

    Three Square Market said the chips are voluntary, but Chesley said if a company announces a plan to chip, the expectation is that you will get chipped — or risk losing out on advancement, raises and being a team player.
    “That’s what we’re worried about,” said Bryan Allen, chief of staff for state Rep. Tina Davis, who is introducing a bill in Pennsylvania to outlaw mandatory chip embedding.    “If the tech is out there, what’s to stop an employer from saying either you do this, or you can’t work here anymore?
    Several states have passed similar laws; one recently saw a similar bill die in committee.
    “I see this as a workers’ rights issue,” said Nevada state Sen. Becky Harris, who isn’t giving up.    “This is the wrong place to be moving.”
    Should future corporations dive in to chipping their employees, they will have huge issues of “trust” to contend with, said Kent Grayson, a professor of marketing at the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University.
    “You’ve got to have a lot of trust to put one of those in your body,” Grayson said.    Workers will need assurances that the chip is healthy, that it can’t be hacked and that its information is private, he said.
Contributing: Madeline Purdue in San Francisco.
    “You’ve got to have a lot of trust to put one of those in your body.”    Kent Grayson, a professor of marketing at the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University.

    Three Square Market, a Wisconsin firm that makes cafeteria kiosks, brought in a tattoo artist to embed microchips like this one, smaller than a dime, into the 40 employees who volunteered

    More images of this issue.

‘YOU WILL GET CHIPPED,’ SO THEY SAY by an unknown source.

    USA Today’s columnist Jefferson Graham recently wrote an article titled "You Will Get Chipped – Eventually."     Graham is very smug in his opinion about RFID chipping, even though he writes about the religious views regarding microchips.    He is convinced that everyone will eventually get chipped.
    Apparently, Jefferson Graham has insight, but he obviously hasn’t read the Word of God, or he doesn’t believe it.
    The Word of God tells us,
He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or their foreheads, that no man might buy or sell, except he who has the mark, the name of the beast (antichrist), or the number of his name.    Here is wisdom.    Let him who has understanding count the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man, and his number is six hundred, sixty-sixRevelation 13:16-18.
    The coming antichrist, when [he?] appears on the global scene, will require everyone to receive his mark on their right hand, or on their forehead (likely those whose right hands have been amputated).
    Bible prophecy clearly tells us that this mark will be required to “buy or sell.”    Graham knows what he is talking about, but what he doesn’t know, or hasn’t acknowledged, is that there will be people who refuse the mark of the beast.    These will be people who were not ready for the catching up of the saints, or rapture, as some may call it after the Latin word for “caught up” (rapere), as described in I Thessalonians:
    “The Lord Himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trump of God, and the dead in Christ shall rise first, then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up (Latin – rapere; English – rapture) together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so shall we ever be with the Lord.    Therefore, comfort one another with these words1 Thessalonians 4:16-18.
    When the rapture takes place, there will be people who believe in Christ, but who did not obey His commandments, or follow His teachings, as described in the parable of the Ten Virgins (Matthew 25), who will be left behind when the rapture takes place, according to Bible prophecy.
    Prophecies contained in the Book of Revelation reveal to us that the antichrist will behead those who do not receive the mark of the beast:
    “I saw thrones and they sat upon them and judgment was given unto them, and I saw the souls of those that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus and for the Word of God, which had not worshiped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands, and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand yearsRevelation 20:4
    The Bible tells us that the coming antichrist will cause everyone to receive his mark in their right hand, or forehead, in order to buy or sell.    Those who do not worship him and receive his mark will be beheaded, according to the prophecy given in Revelation 20:4.
    Who beheads people today?    Muslims!
    Who are the major nations of the world allowing into their countries as “refugees” by the millions?    Muslims!
    Whose religion says, “Allah (God) has no son?”    MUSLIMS!
    The soon to arrive Mahdi (Muslim messiah) IS the anti-Christ!
    It is a mathematical certainty that Muslims will take over the world by sheer demographics alone, even if one does not wish to believe in Bible prophecy.    It should, however, impress upon the hearts of everyone that this fact was foretold by prophets of the real God thousands of years ago.
    What we see today was foretold about 2,000 years ago by a prophet of God Almighty, John the Revelator, who wrote the Book of Revelation.    His prophecies are being fulfilled right now, and they will continue to manifest, until the Lord returns with His saints to destroy the antichrist and all who worship and obey him and receive his mark!
    [Emphasis mine: Dan. 12:11 From the time that the daily sacrifices are removed and the Horrible Thing is set up to be worshipped will be 1290 days, Three and a half years as in verse 7 plus one month; 43 Months.
    Dan. 12:12-13 Blessed is he that makes it to the 1335th day; (this is 45 days longer than the days in verse 11; 44.5 months.)
    But go on now to the end of your life and your rest; for you will rise again and have your full share of those last days--at the end of the days.

Radio-frequency identification (RFID)
    RFID uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and track tags attached to objects.    The tags contain electronically-stored information.    RFID is one method for Automatic Identification and Data Capture (AIDC).    Below is some uses for it in todays world.

The image below left is an Electronic key for RFID based lock system Radio-frequency identification
And to the abve right is a playing card, the Queen Of Clubs.
    There are two standard sizes for playing cards.    Poker sized cards measure 2.5 × 3.5 inches and bridge sized cards measure 2.25 × 3.5 inches.
    if you were watching, Shin Lim the magician who performed jaw-dropping, unbelievable Card Magic, who won America's Got Talent 2018.
    So how do you supposed what he is using to make a card or group of cards change suits and have different images on them.
    I have seen a lot of card magic tricks in my life and even create one myself, and I can tell you that cards do not change images or start smoking unless they have a device in them that makes those changes.    Magic with cards is mostly slight of hand or distraction.    The tricks that Shin Lim was doing on "AGT" were beyond the normal, and as I have will continue below to explore that.
    So I thought about and thought about it, and it finally dawned on me that he has to have some kind of chip in each card that can be programmed and have positive and negative polarities, which can be activated by bending the cards to change polarity, to allow 1 card to become many cards and vice versa, and since polarity can attract the cards and turn them black in a black background and can disappear in a blink of an eye downward to a magnetic source leaving the magicians hand empty.    Also a card that has a short in it could become hot and begin smoking.    When a single card can change to look like a full deck of cards in the box it is a programmed allusion placed on the card and held at an angle to look 3 dimensional.    I would believe someone is programming the cards as he goes or it has been preprogrammed.
    Those sneaky Japanese are very tech happy you know.    So we really need to investigate who is helping him.
    Below you can see how the RFID cards are very flexible and thin enough to look like playing cards, and if some one has devised a technology to make a chip using circuit to make and use pixels on the outside of these cards to make images appear that look like playing cards that it may be possible.    As you will read below the technology is very complex, and I myself understood most of it because at one time I was a Microsoft Certified System Engineer or otherwise I was a geek and understood TCP/IP, packet technology, hexadecimal coding, etc.

    Radio-frequency identification (RFID) uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and track tags attached to objects.
    RFID is one method for Automatic Identification and Data Capture (AIDC).     An example of a binary tree method of identifying an RFID tag.
    Both methods have drawbacks when used with many tags or with multiple overlapping readers.
Bulk reading
    "Bulk reading" is a strategy for interrogating multiple tags at the same time, but lacks sufficient precision for inventory control.    A group of objects, all of them RFID tagged, are read completely from one single reader position at one time.    Bulk reading is a possible use of HF (ISO 18000-3), UHF (ISO 18000-6) and SHF (ISO 18000-4) RFID tags.    However, as tags respond strictly sequentially, the time needed for bulk reading grows linearly with the number of labels to be read.    This means it takes at least twice as long to read twice as many labels.    Due to collision effects, the time required is greater.
    A group of tags has to be illuminated by the interrogating signal just like a single tag.    This is not a challenge concerning energy, but with respect to visibility; if any of the tags are shielded by other tags, they might not be sufficiently illuminated to return a sufficient response.    The response conditions for inductively coupled HF RFID tags and coil antennas in magnetic fields appear better than for UHF or SHF dipole fields, but then distance limits apply and may prevent success.
    Under operational conditions, bulk reading is not reliable.    Bulk reading can be a rough guide for logistics decisions, but due to a high proportion of reading failures, it is not (yet) suitable for inventory management.    However, when a single RFID tag might be seen as not guaranteeing a proper read, a bunch of RFID tags, where at least one will respond, may be a safer approach for detecting a known grouping of objects.    In this respect, bulk reading is a fuzzy method for process support.    From the perspective of cost and effect, bulk reading is not reported as an economical approach to secure process control in logistics.

    RFIDs are easy to conceal or incorporate in other items.    For example, in 2009 researchers at Bristol University successfully glued RFID micro-transponders to live ants in order to study their behavior.    This trend towards increasingly miniaturized RFIDs is likely to continue as technology advances.
    Hitachi holds the record for the smallest RFID chip, at 0.05 mm × 0.05 mm. This is 1/64th the size of the previous record holder, the mu-chip.    Manufacture is enabled by using the silicon-on-insulator (SOI) process.    These dust-sized chips can store 38-digit numbers using 128-bit Read Only Memory (ROM).    A major challenge is the attachment of antennas, thus limiting read range to only millimeters.

Human implantation
    A surgeon implants British scientist Dr Mark Gasson in his left hand with an RFID microchip (March 16, 2009) Biocompatible microchip implants that utilize RFID technology are being routinely implanted in to humans. The first reported experiment with RFID implants was conducted by British professor of cybernetics Kevin Warwick who had an RFID chip implanted in his arm by his general practitioner George Boulos in 1998.    In 2004 the 'Baja Beach Clubs' operated by Conrad Chase in Barcelona and Rotterdam offered implanted chips to identify their VIP customers, who could in turn use it to pay for service.    In 2009 British scientist Mark Gasson had an advanced glass capsule RFID device surgically implanted into his left hand and subsequently demonstrated how a computer virus could wirelessly infect his implant and then be transmitted on to other systems.
    The Food and Drug Administration in the United States approved the use of RFID chips in humans in 2004.
    There is controversy regarding human applications of implantable RFID technology including concerns that individuals could potentially be tracked by carrying an identifier unique to them.    Privacy advocates have protested against implantable RFID chips, warning of potential abuse.    Some are concerned this could lead to abuse by an authoritarian government, to removal of freedoms, and to the emergence of an "ultimate panopticon", a society where all citizens behave in a socially accepted manner because others might be watching.
    On July 22, 2006, Reuters reported that two hackers, Newitz and Westhues, at a conference in New York City demonstrated that they could clone the RFID signal from a human implanted RFID chip, indicating that the device was not as secure as was previously claimed

9/21/2018 Why You’re Probably Getting a Microchip Implant Someday by Haley Weiss
    Microchip implants are going from tech-geek novelty to genuine health tool—and you might be running out of good reasons to say no.
Professor Kevin Warwick holds up an RFID microchip.    Russell Boyce / Reuters
    When Patrick McMullan first heard in early 2017 that thousands of Swedish citizens were unlocking their car doors and turning on coffee machines with a wave of their palm, he wasn’t too impressed.    Sure, the technology—a millimeters-long microchip equipped with near-field communication capabilities and lodged just under the skin—had a niche, cutting-edge appeal, but in practical terms, a fob or passcode would work just as well.
    McMullan, a 20-year veteran of the tech industry, wanted to do one better—to find a use for implantable microchips that was genuinely functional, not just abstractly nifty.    In July 2017, news cameras watched as more than 50 employees at Three Square Market, the vending-solutions company where McMullan is president, voluntarily received chip implants of their own.    Rather than a simple scan-to-function process like most of Sweden’s chips use, the chips and readers around Three Square Market’s River Falls, Wisconsin, office were all part of a multistage feedback network.    For example: Your chip could grant you access to your computer—but only if it had already unlocked the front door for you that day.    “Now,” McMullan says of last summer, “I’ve actually done something that enhances our network security.”
    The problem McMullan’s chips cleverly solve is relatively small-scale—but it’s still a problem, and any potential new-use case represents a significant step forward for a chip evangelist like him.    As with most technologies, the tipping point for implantable chips will come when they become so useful they’re hard to refuse.    It could happen sooner than you think: In September 2017, Three Square Market launched an offshoot, Three Square Chip, that is developing the next generation of commercial microchip implants, with a slew of originative health features that could serve as the best argument yet that microchips’ benefits can outweigh our anxieties about them.
    Though new to the American workplace in this implantable form, radio-frequency-identification (RFID) technology has been around for decades, and has long been considered secure enough for commonplace use.    RFID ear tags are used to register almost all farm and ranch livestock with the U.S. National Animal Identification System (in Australia, the system is mandatory).    If you’ve checked luggage on a Delta Airlines flight, you can thank RFID luggage tags for the fact that your bag arrived at the same destination you did.    And you probably already have a personal RFID chip that goes everywhere with you—it’s in your credit card.
The future of wearables makes cool gadgets meaningful.
    But of course, the fear surrounding RFID implants has little to do with RFID itself, and everything to do with implantation.    American pets safely receive RFID implants without complication every day; even so, many of their owners would cite something akin to safety as a reason not to get one of their own.    When a company called Verichip developed its own health-care-oriented microchip implants in the early aughts, its research indicated that 90 percent of Americans were uncomfortable with the technology.    The company got FDA approval for its devices in 2004, but folded just three years later, in large part due to studies that suggested a potential link between RFID transponders and cancer in lab animals.    (The risks of cancer caused by RFID have since been found to be virtually nonexistent for humans and negligible for animals, and one 2016 study even suggested that embedding active RFID transponders within cancerous tumors could be an effective means of treatment.)
    A decade later, floating throughout the eruptive hullabaloo around Three Square’s “chip party” were all kinds of fears—some credible, some less so—about the dangers of introducing subdermal radio technology to the American workplace: that companies might make widespread use of this technology mandatory, or that implanted microchips might be hacked or used to track wearers, or that hands might be severed in the name of home break-ins.    Many critics, including state legislators working to pass bills that would restrict RFID implants, are fearful that the metal components and circuitry in the chips would mean certain death if a “wearer” were exposed to an MRI machine or defibrillator.
    Then there are broader fears about the use of chip technology to track humans: Before damning research halted Verichip’s growth, the company’s chairman suggested in a 2006 appearance on Fox & Friends that Verichip implants could be used to register migrant workers at the border and verify their identity in the workplace; that same year, former Colombian President Álvaro Uribe reportedly proposed to then-Senators Arlen Specter and Jeff Sessions that the chips could be implanted into Colombian workers before they entered the United States for seasonal work.    Meanwhile, some fundamentalist-Christian communities remain convinced that the microchip implant is the manifestation of the biblically portended mark of the beast.    But the primary challenge to RFID implants remains the simple underlying question posed over and over again in response to the tech: Is this really necessary?
    In 1998, the British scientist Kevin Warwick (known by the moniker “Captain Cyborg”) became the first human to receive an RFID microchip implant.    But since then, development has been slow.    Kayla Heffernan, a researcher in the department of computing and information systems at the University of Melbourne’s School of Engineering, blames the fact that chipping hasn’t yet been accepted widely on what she sees as “a chicken-and-egg problem.”    “People don’t get them, because they’re not useful enough yet, but because there’s not a market, the devices [remain] relatively unchanged,” Heffernan says.
    McMullan hopes to solve the second half of that problem as a means of invigorating the first.    Shortly after last summer’s chip party, he began meeting with the cardiologist Michael Mirro, who serves as the director of the Parkview Research Center in Fort Wayne, Indiana.    Mirro’s team and Three Square Chip developers are currently working on prototypes of RFID implants that will be able to continually monitor an individual’s vitals, enabling both patients and doctors to access highly accurate real-time information.
Should your watch monitor your heart?
    As McMullan describes it, the decision to develop RFID technology for medical purposes was motivated by more than just business savvy—it’s what intrigued him about the chips in the first place.    The technology for better, potentially lifesaving solutions has long existed, he says, “it’s just, frankly, nobody decided to take it on.”
    It’s an undeniably personal project for McMullan: His wife, Leah, suffers from a chronic nerve disorder caused by a medical accident in 2009 and relies on an implanted spinal-cord stimulator to manage her pain.    When he talks to her about the chips, he says, she reminds him, “If I did not have that nerve stimulator in my back I would have committed suicide a long time ago.’
    Nerve stimulators are among the many implantable technologies that have leapt onto the health-care market in full force.    Insertable cardiac monitors like the Reveal LINQ have replaced sometimes finicky stick-on patches as the most reliable option for patients with chronic heart conditions, and just two months ago, the FDA approved the first-ever long-term implantable continuous glucose-monitoring system for people with diabetes.
    Three Square Chip says that its medical RFID implants will be powered by body heat, and McMullan’s plans to develop a single piece of hardware to aid patients with a wider range of conditions could make the chips more affordable than devices with more specialized (and limited) functions.    “Many heart patients, right now, the only time they know they’ve got a problem is when they’re in the back of an ambulance,” McMullan says.
    The company estimates that it will be selling chips capable of tracking a wearer’s live vital signs in a little more than a year, but a few other developments will come first.    McMullan hopes that people will soon consider storing their medical information on encrypted RFID chips, and the group is also working on a way to make available as an option for families to track relatives suffering from severe dementia—another use for the chips that poses both obvious benefits and legitimate concerns.
    “There’s an interest but also a controversy with the actual GPS tracking,” says Luis Martinez, a preventative-medicine specialist in San Juan who has worked with McMullan on chip development since before last year’s media frenzy.    “A lot of parents will feel actually safe if they can track real-time where their children are, given abductions, child trafficking, and all that.”    But, he says, there are even more use cases: “Other populations … are being looked at for different reasons: law enforcement, or say you could use a GPS chip to identify registered sex offenders.    I think it’ll be a case-by-case basis where different countries or different societies will decide.”
    At the same time as the technology is becoming more powerful, people are becoming more comfortable with the notion of implantables.    “If we think about 1998 to now, a lot has changed about the way we regard the body,” Heffernan says.    This shift, she says, is traceable from body modifications such as tattoos and piercings all the way up to the chips McMullan is developing.    “Pacemakers are routine surgery.    Plastic surgery is less taboo now.”    Hundreds of thousands of American bodies now contain cochlear implants, IUDs, nerve stimulators, artificial joints, implantable birth-control rods, and beyond.    “There’s a trend toward putting devices inside the body, not just for life or death situations but for convenience, such as contraceptives, menstrual aids, contact lenses,” Heffernan says.    “So, as we’ve become more comfortable with this, insertables become more acceptable.”
    In the year since Three Square Market’s chip party, the technology has become mundane to those surrounded by it.    “We don’t think about it within the company really at all,” says the customer-service manager Melissa Koepp, who chose to get the implant.    Her nonchipped colleagues are similarly nonchalant about the company’s futuristic update.    In fact, one of the most common reasons employees opted not to receive the implant wasn’t about the implications of the technology at all: “When I watched them chip Todd,” says Katy Melstrom, the vice president of marketing, “and I saw the size of the needle, I said, ‘Yeah, I’ll wait until we get a smaller version.’
    Yet for all of the implantable gadgets Americans use and the heaps of location-enabled gizmos we own, the first commercial device with both of these features will be significant.    A teenager who brings her iPhone to the school bathroom with her can one day choose not to.    If visiting a physician to remove the chip in her hand requires similar parental permissions to other invasive medical procedures, well, then, we know how that episode of Black Mirror ends.
Why bosses can track their employees 24/7
    The key to ensuring that RFID developments are used only as intended will be meaningful and active legislation developed to cut potential abuses off at the pass.    In terms of workplace RFID implants, state legislatures are already behind.    Before Three Square Market’s “chip party” last summer, five states, including Wisconsin, had RFID privacy laws preventing employer-mandated microchip implantation.    Since then, only five more have introduced similar bills.
    “I believe this technology is going to grow exponentially, in stages, and in a very short period of time,” says New Jersey State Assemblyman Ronald Dancer, whose bill will be voted on in the coming months.    “We need to make sure that there’s full disclosure and consent.”
    The legal tenets of disclosure and consent can be complicated enough in the workplace, but how will lawmakers and experts in security and tech react when required to define consent for a patient with advanced dementia?    “Laws should not regulate technologies, but the actions we don’t want to happen,” Heffernan says.    “This is the problem with some current regulation—it’s too slow because it focuses on technologies, not actions.”
    But sooner or later, the laws will change, and the frightening will become familiar.    After all, all it took in Sweden for RFID implants to become widespread and normalized was the simple appeal of never having to deal with a lost key.    Whenever it happens, like waves of new tech before it, implantable RFID will bring us the next iteration of the yin-and-yang symptoms of technology we’ve seen time and time again.    We will likely be healthier, safer, more informed, and more connected, and we will continue to disagree over whether it matters if our privacy and autonomy were the corresponding costs.

10/22/2019 Microchips haven’t chipped in at work - Startup’s app would offer access through ‘mobile credentials’ by Jefferson Graham, USA TODAY
    Forget about having to get chipped in today’s workplace.
    Access technology is playing a huge role in offices, where buildings are more security conscious, and badges and fobs that used to be required just for entry now also get you up and down the elevator and into the company network.
    A Wisconsin firm made a splash in 2017 by announcing a plan to voluntarily implant microchips in employees, not for being tracked, but as a replacement for the company badge.
    Now, a Los Angeles startup says it can now offer the same perks of entry without reaching for a badge or access card, and it’s app-based.    Openpath is working with Domino’s, Bird Scooter and tech firm the Leaf Group to let employees come and go with “mobile credentials.”
    Meanwhile, Three Square Market, the company that received worldwide headlines in 2017 when it made its microchip announcement has been quiet since.    But a Washington state firm that offers chipping is looking to the technology as an alternative to typing in passwords.
    Chipping “has always been an uphill swing,” says Amal Graafstra, who runs the VivoKey microchip service from Lynden, Washington.    “But our sales are going up every month.”
    In response to the Three Square Market chipping splash, five states – Wisconsin, North Dakota, California, Missouri and Oklahoma – responded by outlawing mandatory chipping.    A bill passed the Nevada assembly in the spring but stalled in the Senate.
    The L.A. startup, Openpath, scoffs at the notion that chipping makes life easier for employees.    “We’re trying to reduce friction to access,” says James Segil, co-founder of Openpath.    “Putting you into minor surgery to get to work just added more friction.”
Instead, companies buy his hardware and subscribe to software, and, instead of a company badge, employees set up the app and come and go by waving their hands at the entryway, without having to pull the phone out of the pocket or purse.    OpenPath uses Bluetooth to communicate with the phone.
    Eric Roseman, vice president of innovation for the Lincoln Property Company, which manages commercial real estate nationally, works with Openpath, and says offering mobile credentials “will create a more futureproofed experience for tenants.”
    For human chipping, Graafstra envisions a future where his implanted chips will enable banking and anything that requires a password.
    He’s testing a chip that works directly with apps, and he’s hoping to have it used for payments in 2020.
    His firm, VivoKey, is a platform for selling and installing chips and looking to the future.    He has doubts that an appbased alternative could solve access entry.
    “What if you lose your phone, or it stops working?” he says.
    The costs of getting chipped are about $100 to buy the chip and $35 to $75 to have it implanted, he says.    He says anyone who specializes in piercings can handle that part.
    The trend of microchipping animals to keep track of them has been a success, says the American Veterinary Medical Association, which found that dogs without microchips were returned to their owners 21.9% of the time, compared with 52.2% for chipped dogs.
    Patrick McMullan, the president of Three Square Market, said he’s looking to develop a “more robust” chip.    “The chip being used globally simply isn’t capable of doing much,” he notes.
    Indeed, since the 2017 Three Square Market announcement, only four other organizations have offered microchipping to their workers, and one of them, a Mexican company, did it to keep track of top execs in case they were kidnapped, says Brian Kropp, an analyst for Gartner, “so they would know how to find them.”
An employee would wave at an OpenPath sensor to gain entry without having to show a badge in a company demo. OPENPATH
A microchip is implanted at Three Square Market in River Falls, Wis. JEFF BAENEN/AP

3/2/2020 Your passwords soon may be a thing of the past by Jessica Guynn, USA TODAY
Do you hate remembering passwords? Soon, you may be able to forget them for good.
    For years, we’ve relied on a secret we share with a computer to prove we are who we say we are.    But passwords are easily compromised through a phishing scam or malware, data breach or some simple social engineering.    Once in the wrong hands, these flimsy strings of characters can be used to impersonate us all over the internet.
    Slowly, we’re kicking the password habit.    With data breaches costing billions, the pressure is on to find more foolproof ways to verify someone’s identity.
    “We are moving into a world which we’re calling passwordless, which is the ability for our applications, devices and computers to recognize us by something other than the old-fashioned password,” says Wolfgang Goerlich, advisory chief information security officer for Cisco-owned security firm Duo.
    Newer forms of identification are harder to imitate: something we are (such as the contours of our face or the ridges of our thumb) or something we have (physical objects such as security keys).
    Intuit, for example, lets users sign into its mobile apps with a fingerprint or facial recognition or their phone’s passcode instead of a password.    Your fingerprint or screen lock can access some Google services on Pixel and Android 7+ devices.
    Goerlich estimates that within five years, we could be logging into most of our online accounts the same way we unlock our phones.    And then we will be able to finally break up with passwords for good.
    What will replace them?    That’s a bit more complicated.
    Any system that depends on a single factor isn’t secure enough, according to Vijay Balasubramaniyan, CEO of Pindrop, a voice authentication and security company.    Biometric information such as an iris scan or a fingerprint can be stolen, too, and you can’t change those.
    Balasubramaniyan predicts several pieces of information will be used to verify identity.    Machines will analyze our speech patterns or scan our fingerprints.    We’ll also be identified by something we have (our mobile devices, computers, key cards, fobs or tokens) and something we do (our movements and location, our behavior and habits, even how we type).    If that seems more invasive than sharing some random bits of knowledge such as our mother’s maiden name or a PIN number, it is.    But Balasubramaniyan argues these trade-offs are necessary to shield our personal information in a hyper-connected world.    “It’s going to be scary,” he says, but, “it’s time for consumers to demand a higher level of privacy and security.”
Password overload
    Secret words to tell friend from foe have been around since ancient times and, in the early days of the internet, they made a lot of sense.
    We started out with just a handful of passwords to access our email, a few ecommerce sites, maybe an online subscription or two. But soon, we were transferring our entire existence into the cloud, storing our medical and financial information, photos of our kids and our innermost musings there.
    And every time we clicked a link or downloaded an app, we had to come up with another password.    As even more devices connected to the internet, from home surveillance systems to thermostats, we hit password overload.
    Today, people have an average of 85 “Passwords are a 60-yearold solution built on a 5,000 year-old idea.”
    Jonah Stein, co-founder of UNSProject passwords to keep track of, according to password manager LastPass.    Our brains just aren’t wired to squirrel away unique passwords for so many online accounts.    So we reuse and share them.    We jot them down on Post-Its or in Word documents.    We sign in with Facebook or Google.    We shell out a few bucks for a digital password manager.
    But data breaches keep proliferating.    So we’re told to conjure up stronger passwords, the longer and more random the better (use special characters!).    We’re prodded to enable two-factor authentication.    And we grumble so much about it all, our collective frustration has turned into a popular internet meme: “Sorry your password must contain a capital letter, two numbers, a symbol, an inspiring message, a spell, a gang sign, a hieroglyph and the blood of a virgin.”
    Turns out the only fans of passwords are hackers and identity thieves.    Even researcher Fernando Corbató, who helped create the first computer password in the early 1960s, was a detractor before he died.
    Corbató told the Wall Street Journal in 2014 that he used to keep dozens of his passwords on three typed pages.    He called the current state of password security “kind of a nightmare.”
    “Passwords are a 60-year-old solution built on a 5,000-year-old idea,” says Jonah Stein, co-founder of UNSProject, which allows you to access your accounts using the camera on your phone.    “Daily life demands that we create and remember a new password for almost every single thing we do – reading the news, paying bills, or simply ordering a pizza.    The promise of online convenience has been broken by antiquated authentication solutions with unrealistic security best practices.”
    Are we really over passwords?
    So will passwords finally go the way of the eight-track tape?    For years, reports of their demise have been greatly exaggerated.    Tech leaders have dangled but never delivered on promises to eliminate passwords.
    “There is no doubt that, over time, people are going to rely less and less on passwords,” Microsoft’s billionaire founder Bill Gates told the RSA conference in 2004.    “People use the same password on different systems, they write them down and they just don’t meet the challenge for anything you really want to secure.”
    So what’s taking so long?    Too many options being floated and too little consensus on what will work best.
    Companies, eager for our eyeballs and our business, are holding out for solutions that strike a balance between convenience and security.    With security costs skyrocketing and consumer trust flailing, the industry is under growing pressure to lock down our accounts, security experts say.    By 2023, 30% of organizations will use at least one form of authentication that does not involve a password, a significant increase from the 5% today, according to research firm Gartner.
    One of the major proponents of a password-free world is the FIDO Alliance, which stands for Fast Identity Online.    The consortium of heavyweights from Google to Microsoft is developing technical standards to verify identity.
    Apple recently joined the FIDO Alliance, giving the group even more clout.
    We can’t ditch passwords overnight, but, according to Andrew Shikiar, executive director of the FIDO Alliance, “the imperative is there now.”
    “Businesses are feeling these pain points and they are being pushed to come up with solutions that are not dependent on the old ways of authenticating,” he says.    That the industry is working arm in arm on solutions is “really unprecedented,” Shikiar says.    “This sort of collaboration is a very good sign that, not only is there a way to go past passwords, there is a will.”
Dozens of sessions at the RSA Conference in San Francisco are exploring more
foolproof ways than passwords to confirm someone’s identity. GETTY IMAGES
Getty images

6/16/2020 FACT CHECK - Bill Gates isn’t planning to microchip the world by Matthew Brown and Elizabeth Weise, USA TODAY
    Bill Gates has long been the target of conspiracy theories about his vast fortune and charitable giving. But claims about the tech tycoon have reached a fever pitch in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic.
Gates wants us microchipped and Fauci wants us to carry vax certificates,” reads one Facebook post with 22,000 shares.    The same language has appeared on multiple posts on the platform.
    “Due to the large number of people who will refuse the forthcoming covid-19 vaccine because it will include tracking microchips, the Gates Foundation is now spending billions of dollars to ensure that all medical and dental injections and procedures include the chips so that the only way to avoid being ‘chipped’ will be to refuse any and all dental and medical treatment,” another post on Facebook reads.
    The claim has also gone viral on Spanish language pages and media, with some casting Gates as the mastermind of a massive conspiracy that echoes several other claims, including that Gates helped write the House Democrats’ proposed legislation, the TRACE Act.
    “I’ve never been involved any sort of microchiptype thing,” Gates said in a call with reporters on June 3, adding, “It’s almost hard to deny this stuff because it’s so stupid or strange.”
    Gates meant for the call to be an announcement of another $1.6 billion in funding for immunization in lower-income countries, but the rampant conspiracy theories still came up.    Many conspiracy theorists have claimed that Gates’ donations to public health efforts in developing countries are secretly mindcontrol efforts.
    The coronavirus pandemic is ripe for misinformation.
    “It’s frightening, it’s hard to understand, it’s required governments to restrict individual freedoms, and it will lead to mass vaccinations,” Matthew Hornsey, a social psychologist at the University of Queensland in Australia who studies scientific messaging, told USA TODAY.    “That’s a perfect storm for conspiracy theories.”
    There is no evidence that Gates or any major institution is trying to implant microchips in people through COVID-19 vaccines.    Regardless, a May 20 Yahoo News/YouGov poll found that 44% of Republicans and 19% of Democrats believe Gates is planning to implant microchips in billions of people.
    “This illness has been so severe I thought the antivaccine folks would be more muted in their approach, but this is apparently not the case,” William Schaffner, a professor of preventive medicine and infectious disease at Vanderbilt University, told USA TODAY.
The theory’s origins and allure
    Rich and famous people are frequently the center of conspiracy theories.    The fact that Gates is a vocal proponent of public health initiatives long scrutinized by conspiratorial-minded groups only makes him an even riper target.
    It is possible that the conspiracy theory partly originated from a December study published by a team at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.    The study was funded, in part, by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
    The team had developed an “approach to encode medical history on a patient” by including a small amount of dye with a vaccine.    The dye, which would be invisible to the naked eye but observable through a specialized cellphone app using infrared light, would keep a record of a child’s vaccines.    The technique may be especially useful in developing countries, where record keeping is often more difficult.
    The study never experimented on humans and did not involve any hardware technology, like microchips.
    Gates and his foundation have supported contact tracing efforts around the globe.    The Gates Foundation has also funded vaccine efforts in developing countries over the years.
    “The fear of insertion of tracking chips and other things like that into our bodies has been a longstanding bogeyman for theorists,” Mark Fenster, a University of Florida law professor, told PolitiFact.
    Others have also tried to link claims that Gates wants to create a “digital certificate” or “digital identity” for all people with the microchip conspiracy theory. Gates has said that some kind of “immunity certificate” may be necessary to reopen the economy, but the intended idea is far from mass surveillance or microchipping.
    “Eventually what we’ll have to have is certificates of who’s a recovered person and who’s a vaccinated person, because you don’t want people moving around the world where you’ll have some countries that won’t have it under control,” Gates said in a TED Talk in March.
    That certificate would not be a physical implant or chip, but rather a digital item a person could have on a smartphone or other personal device, as Gates later explained.
Our ruling: False
    There is no evidence Bill Gates is trying to implant microchips in people around the world through COVID-19 vaccines.    And Gates has denied the claim.    We rate this claim FALSE because it is not supported by our research.
Revelation 13:16 And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads:
17 And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.
18 Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six.
    Which is in the works even now and it would be amusing if this pandemic caused that to occur

4/12/2021 DARPA Unveils ‘COVID Microchip,’ Claims Not For Surveillance Purposes by OAN Newsroom
WASHINGTON, DC – JULY 2: A model of COVID-19, known as coronavirus, is seen July 2, 2020 on
Capitol Hill in Washington, DC. (Photo by Saul Loeb-Pool/Getty Images)
    The Pentagon unveiled a coronavirus microchip that it claimed can detect illness and prevent the spread of COVID-19.
    “The tiny green thing in there, you put it underneath your skin and what that tells you is that there are chemical reactions going on inside the body.    And that signal means you’re going to have symptoms tomorrow,” retired Col. Matt Hepburn, an army infectious disease physician said.
    The implant was developed by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or DARPA, which claimed the device cannot be used for surveillance purposes.
    However, the idea to microchip humans due to COVID-19 appears to prove so-called “conspiracy theorists” were right all along.     Hepburn compared the microchip to a check engine light.
    “We can have that information in three to five minutes.    As you truncate that time, as you diagnose and treat, what you do is you stop the infection in its tracks,” Hepburn explained.
    DARPA claimed COVID microchipping would only be used in the military, and there’s no plans for a civilian use of the device.     Critics have said the Democrat Party could mandate such microchipping on a broader scale.

    This page created on 9/15/17 and updated on 9/11/2018, 9/23/2018, 10/23/2019, 3/2/2020, 6/17/2020 and 4/13/2021.

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